Vous pouvez contribuer simplement à Wikibéral. Pour cela, demander un compte à admin@liberaux.org. N'hésitez pas!



Tibor Machan

De Wikiberal

Tibor R. Machan (18 mars 1939 - 24 mars 2016) est un philosophe libertarien américain, défenseur des Droits Naturels. Avant d'enseigner à l'université Chapman, il était à la faculté de philosophie de l'Université Auburn. Il s'est échappé, à l'âge de 14 ans, de la Hongrie communiste en 1953 pour rejoindre les Etats-Unis en 1956. Ses expériences et ses réflexions sont rassemblées dans son livre "Liberté et Culture, Essais sur l'idée d'une société libre", paru en 1989.

Œuvres

De 1970 à 1979

  • 1970, Another Look at 'Logical Possibility', Personalist, LI, 2 (Spr.), pp246-249
  • 1971, "A Note on Neff's Anarchism", Reason, January, p19
  • 1972,
    • a. "Capitalism and Freedom", In: D. James, dir., "Outside Looking In", NY: Harper & Row
    • b. "A Response To The Challenge", The Libertarian Forum, December, Vol 4, n°10, pp7-8
  • 1974,
    • a. The Pseudo-Science of B. F. Skinner, NewRochelle, N.Y.: Arlington House
    • b. The Libertarian Alternative: Essays in Social and Political Philosophy, dir., Chicago: Nelson-Hall Company
  • 1975,
    • a. "Human Rights and Human Liberties: A Radical Reconsideration of the American Political Tradition", Chicago, Nelson Hall
    • b. "On the Possibility of Objectivity and Moral Determinants in Scientific Change", In: Karen D. Knorr, et al., dir., "Determinants and Controls of Scientific Development", Boston, MA: D. Reidel
    • c. avec Marty Zupan, "Back to Being Reasonable", Philosophy of Science, Vol 142, n°3, pp307-310
  • 1977, "Nozick and Rand on Property Rights", The Personalist, vol 58, pp192–195
  • 1978, "Naturalism, Values and the Social Sciences", In: W. Leinfellner, et al., dir., "Wittgenstein, the Vienna Circle and Critical Rationalism", Kirchberg-an-Wechsel, Austria: Austrian Wittgenstein Congress
  • 1979,
    • a. "Some Normative Considerations of Deregulation", Journal of Social and Political Studies, Vol 3, Winter, pp363–377
    • b. "Reason, Morality, and the Free Society", In: Robert L. Cunningham, dir., "Liberty and the Rule of Law", College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, pp268-293

De 1980 à 1989

  • 1980,
    • a. "Rational choice and public affairs", Theory and Decision, Vol 12, n°3, pp229-258
    • b. "Libertarianism and Conservatives", Modern Age, 24, winter, pp21–33
    • c. "Human Rights", In: S. J. Fodero, dir., "The Academic American Encyclopedia", Baltimore, MD: Arete
  • 1981, "Some Philosophical Aspects of National Labor Policy", Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, vol 4, pp67–160
  • 1982,
    • a. A Reconsideration of Natural Rights Theory, American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol 19, January, pp61-72
    • b. dir., The Libertarian Reader, Totowa, Rowman & Littlefield
    • c. Epistemology and Moral Knowledge, Review of Metaphysics, Vol 36, September, pp23-49
    • d. "Dissolving the Problem of Public Goods: Financing Government without Coercive Measures", In: Tibor Machan, dir., "The Libertarian Reader", Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield
    • e. commentaire du livre de Friedrich Hayek, "Law, Legislation and Liberty, Vol. 3, The Political Order of a Free People", Philosophy of the Social Sciences, September, vol 12, n°3, pp332-335
  • 1983, avec M. Bruce Johnson, dir., "Rights and Regulation", San Francisco et Cambridge, Mass.: Pacific Institute for Public Policy Research and Ballinger
  • 1984, Libertarianism: The Principle of Liberty, In: George W. Carey, dir., Freedom and Virtue, Lanham, MD; University Press of America, pp37–38
  • 1985, "Socialism as reactionism", In: Kurt Leube et Albert Zlabinger, dir., "The political economy of freedom : essays in honor of F.A. Hayek", Philosophia Verlag, The International Carl Menger library, pp47-60
  • 1986, "Property Rights and the Decent Society", In: J. K. Roth, R. C. Whittemore, dir., "Ideology and American Experience", Washington, D.C.: Washington Institute Press, pp121-153
  • 1987,
    • a. Toward a Theory of Natural Individual Human Rights, The New Scholasticism, Vol 61, Winter, pp33—78
    • b. Understanding Anti-Corporatism, Liberty, Vol 1, n°2, Septembre-Octobre, pp21-24

De 1990 à 1999

  • 1990, Capitalism and Individualism. New York: St. Martin’s Press
  • 1995,
    • a. avec Douglas Rasmussen, dir., "Liberty for the 21st Century: Essays in Contemporary Libertarian Thought", Rowman and Littlefield
    • b. "Private Rights and Public Illusions", Transaction Books
    • c. "Why Is It Nature versus People?", The Freeman, October, Vol 45, n°10
    • d. "A Defense of Property Rights and Capitalism", In: B. Almond, dir., "Introducing Applied Ethics", Oxford, England: Blackwell
  • 1998,
    • a. The normative basis of economic science, Economic Affairs, 8, 2 (June), pp43–46
    • b. Generosity. Virtue in Civil Society, Cato Institute, Washington D.C.
    • c. Classical Individualism. The supreme importance of each human being, Routledge, London
    • d. Commentaire du livre de Chris Matthew Sciabarra, "Marx, Hayek, and Utopia", Philosophy of the Social Sciences, décembre, vol 28, pp574-579

De 2000 à 2009

  • 2002,
    • a. The Promise of the E-conomy for Freedom: Cautions from the Broader Perspective of Scientism, Journal of Private enterprise, Volume 17
    • b. Anarchism and Minarchism: A Rapprochement, Journal des économistes et des études humaines, Vol 12, n°4, décembre
    • c. What About the Children?, Free Inquiry, Vol 22, n°2, Spring
    • d. Martyrdom, True and False, Free Inquiry, Vol 22, n°1, Winter
    • e. "The Right to Private Property", Stanford University: Hoover Institution
    • f. "Ivy League Faith in the State", The Freeman, janvier, vol 52, n°1, pp28-30
  • 2003,
    • a. avec James E. Chesher, "A Primer on Business Ethics", Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield
    • b. Wondrous Humanity, Free Inquiry, Spring, Vol 23, n°2
    • c. Commentaire du livre de Mark Lilla, "The Reckless Mind: Intellectuals in Politics", The Freeman, janvier, vol 53, n°1
  • 2005,
    • a. For Liberals, No One’s Evil, Free Inquiry, October/November, Vol 25, n°6
    • b. Materialism through Equivocation: A Dissenting View, Free Inquiry, February/March, Vol 25, n°2
    • c. avec Craig Duncan, "Libertarianism: For and Against", Rowman & Littlefield
    • d. "Can commerce inspire?", In: Nicholas Capaldi, "Business and Religion: A Clash of Civilizations?", Salem, MA: , M&M Scrivener, pp16-26
  • 2006,
    • a. Altruism's Bad Influence, Free Inquiry, October / November, Vol 26, n°6
    • b. Wanting but Reproducing, Free Inquiry, June/July, Vol 26, n°4
    • c. Ayn Rand's Legacy to Philosophy, Free Inquiry, January, Vol 26, n°1
    • d. "Libertarianism Defended", Hampshire, UK: Ashgate
  • 2009,
    • a. “Stakeholder vs. Shareholder Theory of the Ethics of Corporate Management”, International Journal of Economics and Business Research, Vol 1, n°1, pp12-20
    • b. The Importance of Individualism, Free Inquiry, April / May, Vol 29, n°3
    • c. "The Virtue of Prudence as the Moral Basis of Commerce", Reason Papers, Vol 31, pp49-61

A partir de 2010

  • 2010, "My Defense of Liberty", In: Marc Guttman, dir., Why Liberty, Apple Valley: Cobden press, pp219-228
  • 2013, "Business and Liberty: An Ethical Union", In: Christoph Luetge, dir., "Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics", Vol 17: Free Markets, Morality and Business Ethics, Springer, pp1205-1222

Littérature secondaire

  • 1971,
    • Ronn Neff, "A Note on Machan's Anarchism", Individualist, March, pp11-12
    • Louis A. Rollins, "Some Brief Comments and Questions About Machan's Governmentalism", Invictus, n°11, p20
  • 1991, Andreas K. Winterberger, Individuen und Menschenrechte. Anmerkungen zu einem Werk von Tibor Machan, Neuen Zürcher Zeitung, 18 février, commentaires des livres de Tibor R. Machan: Human Rights and Human Liberties et de Tibor R. Machan: Individuals and their Rights
  • 1997, Ruth Arundell, Machan Versus Locke: Is "Pure" Liberalism Possible?, Res Publica III/2, pp149-163
  • 2005, Gerry Dantone, commentaire du livre de Tibor R. Machan, "Putting Humans First: Why We’re Nature’s Favorites", Free Inquiry, December/January, Vol 25, n°1

Archives Audios

Lien externe

1868-41439.png Accédez d'un seul coup d’œil au portail philosophie et épistémologie du libéralisme.

5179-pittux-Stylo.png Accédez d'un seul coup d’œil au portail des grands auteurs et penseurs du libéralisme.